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Carpet Fiber Types:Pros & Cons of Each Commercial & Resident Carpet Material

2022/9/27 18:26:54

The materials used in carpets can be broadly divided into natural fibers and chemical fibers. Plant fibers such as cotton and linen and animal fibers such as wool and silk are generally used as natural fibers, but synthetic fibers are chemically made from petroleum, coal, natural gas, etc. There are many types of synthetic fibers, such as nylon, polyester, and acrylic.

In order not to fail in choosing a carpet or rug, it is important to know the characteristics of the material. Natural fibers (wool, cotton) and synthetic fibers (acrylic, nylon, polypropylene, polyester, etc.) have their advantages and disadvantages.

Carpet Fiber Types - Which is The Best Martial for Commercial & Resident Carpets?

By knowing the advantages and disadvantages of the carpet material, you can choose the right material for the place where you want to lay the carpet, or you can choose from the comfort and ease of care. In addition, by knowing the disadvantages, you can also choose carpets with necessary functions such as precautions for care and anti-mite processing and anti-electric processing.

Nylon Carpet


  • 1. Strength Very resistant to abrasion

  • 2. The fiber itself is strong

  • 3. Waste hair is hard to come out

  • 4. Easy to remove dirt, strong quick-drying


  • 1. The cost is higher than other chemical fibers

  • 2. Not very firm

  • 3. Not strong against UV rays

  • 4. Difficult to color because it is difficult to dye

A long time ago, nylon was the mainstream material, but due to the progress of scientific fibers, the amount of production has been decreasing due to the advancement of polyester, polypropylene, etc., but it is durable, so it is often used in hotels and facilities. General households. In recent years, nylon is used for the fibers of carpets that are cool. The same is true for carpets and rugs. In the case of tile carpets, it is called original nylon, which is colored at the fiber stage (when making fibers). It is also kneaded together) and is made to be resistant to fading, and is often used in hotels, hospitals, medical facilities, etc. This is also broadly divided into two types, nylon carpets, and polypropylene carpets, which dominate the majority of the market. In terms of price, polyester is on the market.

Polyester Carpet


  • 1. Not to mention the most widely distributed fibers Used in clothes, carpets, rugs, etc.

  • 2. It is not an exaggeration to say that it is the top of chemical fibers, it is difficult to wrinkle and dyeing is also good

  • 3. Cheaper prices

  • 4. Almost no wasted hair comes out

  • 5. Easy to combine with other fibers

  • 6. Most rugs and carpet rugs use this material

  • 7. Recently, with the progress of textile technology, expressions such as silk touch (microfiber fiber) and wool-like feeling linen material like cotton material are also becoming richer.

It is not an exaggeration to say that it is the No. 1 fiber of science fiber Of course, it is also used in carpets and rugs, custom carpet piece carpets, carpet pieces, tile carpets, etc. In terms of practicality, polyester is excellent in orders of magnitude, and it is easy to process cheaply, it is hard to wrinkle and it is durable and easy to wash, in a sense it is stronger than denim?? It may be used not only in carpets but also in clothes on the contrary, but also in disadvantages. I don't see it easily, but in the past there was such a thing as not absorbing moisture, but now polyester also absorbs moisture, so it is also used for kitchen mats and bath mats, and if you lay it down, petroleum products are not friendly to the environment because they emit wind harmful substances when burned. 

Polypropylene Carpet


  • 1. Inexpensive fiber

  • 2. Mass production possible

  • 3. Elastic, flexible friction-resistant fibers

  • 4. Fibers that float very lightly in water


  • 1. Poor heat resistance (melts with heat)

  • 2. No water absorption

  • 3. Skin touch is not good

Polypropylene is a chemical fiber that has been mainly consumed in developed countries such as Europe and the United States Japan, and it is a chemical fiber that currently shows most of carpets and carpets than the polysel that I introduced earlier, and I think the reason for this is that it is a quick cost performance (low price), and polyester and nylon have been developed for the past 20 years, and as a result of their development, they are thin, I was able to add functions such as gloss antibacterial, UV cut, moisture absorption, etc., but at the moment polypropylene has become a fiber that is difficult to attach these functions, and it can be said that it is a fiber that is only price-oriented fiber, and this fiber is also called original polypropylene in carpets, and like nylon, it can be made by kneading color into the fiber at the stage of making yarn originally, and carpets that are difficult to fade can be made.

Acrylic Resin Carpet


  • 1. Excellent light fastness Glossy-like silk comes out

  • 2. Strong strength Durable against friction and pulling

  • 3. The fastness of the stainability (fading) is very good← it is difficult to fade

  • 4. Fiber resistance is strong and not affected by insects and bacteria

  • 5. Low moisture absorption, so it dries easily even when wet


  • 1. Wasted hair comes out

  • 2. High price

  • 3. Low heat resistance, weak against irons, etc.

It is acrylic that boasts a soft touch, it is used a lot for rugs and the like, I think it is a wonderful fiber other than the hair loss of the drawback, the touch of the carpet is silk touch and it feels good on the skin and it is also shiny, so it is a perfect fiber for carpets, but recently polyester has also made microfiber fibers and so on. The reality is that it is being worn with a slight decrease from the market in terms of cost, because it is becoming not inferior to acrylic, and although it is not a cheap carpet, the carpet with a fluffy touch in the photo above also uses acrylic, and of course it is also a carpet, so I think you should consider it.

Wool Carpet


  • 1. Warm and cool in summer

  • 2. It is difficult to burn and hard to spread

  • 3. It has the power to restore even if the fiber is crushed

  • 4. It is hard to get dirty and easy to repel moisture

  • 5. Equipped with the antibacterial deodorizing function

  • 6. Has the effect of cleaning and purifying the air in the room

  • 7. Natural materials and eco-friendly


  • 1. High price

  • 2. Wasted hair tends to come out easily

  • 3. Has a peculiar smell

  • 4. It is difficult to get a lot of colors by dyeing

It is the material with the longest history among carpet and carpet materials, but in recent years the amount of shipment has been stagnant due to the progress of chemical fibers, but wool is still popular as a natural wool material such as gentleness and gentleness to the human body. Carpets made of 100 wool and carpets made of 100% wool have been used for a long time, and many people use them even in this era of the heyday of chemical fibers. Natural fibers such as wool, cotton, cotton, hemp, and jute have many disadvantages, but since they are natural fibers, they are said to be good for the body of humans. If you have trouble with wasted hair or if you do not have allergies, wool carpet is recommended, it is a fiber that is gentle on people and gentle on nature, but the price is expensive. 

Silk Carpet


  • 1. Smooth skin touch and beautiful luster

  • 2. Light and soft

  • 3. Good staining properties

  • 4. Good moisture absorption


  • 1. The price is very high

  • 2. Laundry at home is difficult

  • 3. Easy to discolor

  • 4. Easy to be eaten by insects

  • 5. Yellowing in sunlight

Among the finest fibers, fiber silk Carpets and rugs are now mostly only used by hand-woven ones, and most of them are used in Chinese terraces and Persian carpets, especially in Persian carpets, Kum silk is famous, silk is often used for more than 120 steps of punching, and it is still very popular. Since it is not a cheap carpet, it is a fiber that is not used for ordinary rugs, etc., but why not try using it once?

Cotton Carpet


  • 1. Cotton is relatively inexpensive as a natural fiber

  • 2. Good water absorption staining

  • 3. Very resistant to heat

  • 4. Feels good on the skin


  • 1. Easy to shrink

  • 2. Prone wrinkles

  • 3. It is easy to discolor when exposed to sunlight for a long time

Cotton, which is a natural fiber, is a popular product in carpets Gozonji cotton is mainly used in clothes such as shirts, underwear, denim, etc., but in interior fabrics, it is only used for carpets and rugs Order carpets, curtains, etc. are avoided (because of wrinkles and shrinkage) Carpets made of 100% cotton have a very good skin feel very well and are the best carpets for rugs in summer. Even with a carpet, it is not hot in the summer.

Hemp (linen) Carpet


  • 1. Hemp (linen) is breathable

  • 2. Excellent moisture absorption and divergence

  • 3. There is a feeling of shyness, and the strength increases when it gets wet in the water


  • 1. Easy to wrinkle

  • 2. Fluffy when worn

  • 3. Carpets are expensive

Linen is a fiber that is rarely used in carpets, rugs, rugs, etc., but it is sometimes mixed in part or used as a carpet in a dressing room, etc. If you are looking for a carpet that feels smooth in the summer, which is the same as cotton, we recommend a hemp blend, and it is difficult to find a rug made of 100% hemp. It's not very realistic at home because it hurts when you use it (because the surface is hard), and if you search for sisal material on carpets, you can find something that looks like it, and cotton material is rare on cheap carpets.